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OSHA Training for Construction Industry

Posted by Joshua Fleishman on Fri, Jun 23, 2017 @ 08:43 AM
OSHA training for construction

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offers Outreach Training for 4 industries: Construction, General Industry, Maritime, and Disaster Site Work. OSHA has done well over the years to expand the reach of their programs to help workers become more knowledgeable about workplace hazards and their rights. Specifically, OSHA's Outreach Training Program provides training on the recognition, avoidance, abatement, and prevention of these workplace hazards. 

The construction industry deserves a little extra attention as it accounts for about 1 in 5 worker deaths. The Focus Four hazards (falls, struck by object, electrocution, and caught-in/between) are especially dangerous. In fact, according to OSHA, eliminating the Focus Four would save over 600 workers' lives in America each year.

Here are OSHA's top violations as they relate to the construction industry and how you can learn more about/avoid them!

 


Construction Top Violations

1926.501 - Fall Protection

1926.451 - Scaffolding

1926.1053 - Ladders


Fall Protection

Designed to protect employees on walking/working surfaces with an unprotected side or edge above 6 feet.

Top 5 sections cited:

1926.501(b)(13) - Residential construction.
1926.501(b)(1) - Unprotected sides/edges.
1926.501(b)(10) - Roofing work on low-slope roofs.
1926.501(b)(11) - Steep roofs.
1926.501(b)(4)(i) - Holes and skylights.


Scaffolding

Employers are bound to protect construction workers from falls and falling objects while working on or near scaffolding at heights of 10 feet or higher.

Top 5 sections cited:

1926.451(g)(1) - Each employee on a scaffold more than 10 ft above a lower level shall be protected from falling to that lower level.
1926.451(e)(1) - When scaffold platforms are more than 2 ft above or below a point of access. Cross braces shall not be used as a means of access.
1926.451(b)(1) - Working levels of scaffolds shall be fully planked or decked.
1926.451(g)(1)(vii) - Personal fall arrest systems or guardrails systems.
1926.451(g)(4)(i) - Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms.


Ladders

Covers general requirements for all ladders.

Top 5 sections cited:

1926.1053(b)(1) - Portable ladder access.
1926.1053(b)(4) - Shall be used only for the purpose for which they are designed.
1926.1053(b)(13) - The top or top step of a step ladder should not be used as a step.
1926.1053(b)(16) - With structural defects.
1926.1053(b)(22) - An employee shall not carry any object or load that could cause the employee to lose balance and fall.


 

OSHA training for construction @ STS

Now that you are aware of these heavily cited topics related to the construction industry, you can take steps in avoiding them. Your first might be to attend, or send your employees to attend a 10-hour OSHA training for construction. In this training, one will learn more about OSHA (and why we have the standards we do), health hazards in construction, personal protective and life-saving equipment, the Focus Four hazards (huge topic in construction), as well as some other construction related topics. For more information, or to attend our next OSHA 10 hour training for construction, click the button below. If you are in need of any other OSHA related safety training, visit our Training Services page to see what else Safety Training Services can offer you & your company.

Click to register for OSHA 10 (Construction)

Our next 10-Hour OSHA for Construction will be on Thursday, June 29, 2017! 

Tags: OSHA, construction industry, osha construction

Why is Fall Protection Important? Because Deaths Are Preventable!

Posted by Joshua Fleishman on Mon, Apr 13, 2015 @ 11:00 AM

"Falls are the leading cause of death in the construction industry."

--OSHA.gov

fall protection training, fall protection, what is fall protection, fall safety, fall protection construction, osha safetyAccording to the last data available (2013), there were 796 total fatalities in the construction industry. Let's round that off to 800, for the ease of digesting the numbers. Out of that number of fatalities, 294 were fall fatalities. Let's round that to 300 (again for ease of use in digestion of the numbers). So that gives us 300 fall fatalities out of 800 fatalities (within the construction industry), which means 3 out of every 8 deaths were from falls! Not only is that unfortunate due to it meaning 37% of the deaths in the construction industry are from falls alone, but also because those deaths are preventable. Yes, one could argue that ALL falls and fall injuries (including deaths) are preventable!

OSHA has provided us three simple steps to preventing more falls, fall injuries, and fall fatalities, you may have heard them before:

  • Plan

  • Provide

  • Train

"PLAN ahead to get the job done safely."

Working from heights, such as ladders, scaffolds, and roofs, can be done safely. It is important for employers to plan ahead by deciding how the job will be done, what tasks will be involved, and what safety equipment is needed to complete the job or task. Include safety equipment when estimating the cost of a job any be sure to have any other necessary equipment or tools available at the job site. 

OSHA Example: "In a roofing job, think about all of the different fall hazards, such as holes or skylights and leading edges, then plan and select fall protection suitable to that work, such as personal fall arrest systems (PFAS)."

"PROVIDE the right equipment."fall protection training, fall protection, what is fall protection, fall safety, fall protection construction, osha safety

To protect workers who are six feet or more above lower levels and are at risk for serious injury or death if they fell, employers must provide fall protection and the right equipment for the job. This includes the correct choice of ladders, scaffolds, and safety gear; and note that there are different individual types of ladders, gear, etc. that are to be used for certain situations or jobs. Always provide workers with the kind they need to get the job done safely.

OSHA Example: "For roof work, there are many ways to prevent falls. If workers use personal fall arrest systems (PFAS), provide a harness for each worker who needs to tie off to the anchor. Make sure the PFAS fits, and regularly inspect all fall protection equipment to ensure it's still in good condition and safe to use."

"TRAIN everyone to use the equipment safely."

Training workers on how to recognize hazards, care for and safely use ladders, scaffolds, fall protection systems (and any other equipment necessary for the job) can prevent falls. 

OSHA Example: "When you know your rights, and when employers act responsibly to prevent hazards, the result will be fewer worker deaths, injuries and illnesses. Training and education are key in making this happen."

To Prevent Employees from Being Injured from Falls, Employers Must:

  • Guard every floor hole into which a worker can accidentally walk (using a railing and toe-board or a floor hole cover).

  • Provide a guard rail and toe-board around every elevated open sided platform, floor or runway.

  • Regardless of height, if a worker can fall into or onto dangerous machines or equipment (such as a vat or acid or a conveyor belt) employers must provide guardrails and toe-boards to prevent workers from falling and getting injured.

  • Other means of fall protection that may be required on certain jobs include safety and harness and line, safety nets, stair railings and hand rails.


Falls from roofs can be prevented!

  • Wear a harness and always stay connected.

  • Make sure your harness fits.

  • Use guardrails or lifelines.

  • Inspect all fall protection equipment before use.

  • Guard or cover all holes, openings, and skylights.

Falls from ladders can be prevented!

  • Choose the right ladder for the job.

  • Maintain three points of contact.

  • Secure the ladder.

  • Always face the ladder.

  • Guard or cover all holes, openings, and skylights.

Falls from scaffolds can be prevented!

  • Use fully planked scaffolds.

  • Ensure proper access to scaffold.

  • Plumb and level.

  • Complete ALL guardrails.

  • Ensure stable footing.

  • Inspect before use (by competent person).


fall protection training, fall protection, what is fall protection, fall safety, fall protection construction, osha safety

Getting to a 'Competent Person Status' is easy! STS has both a fall protection awareness level and a competent person level training course available!

The duties and responsibilities of the competent person for fall protection include:

  • Immediate supervision, implementation and monitoring of the fall protection program.
  • Preparation and implementation of:
    • Fall protection and prevention plans
    • Fall arrest rescue plans and procedures
  • Identify hazardous and dangerous conditions in the workplace and take prompt corrective measures to correct them.
  • Conduct fall hazard survey and prepare survey and assessment report.
  • Inspection and installation of approved fall protection systems.
  • Compliance with fall protection and prevention plans and fall arrest rescue plans.
  • Ensure end users/authorized persons working at heights and using fall protection equipment are adequately trained.
  • Supervise the selection, installation, and inspection of non-certified anchorages.
  • Supervise the installation, use, and inspection of certified anchorages, under the direction of the qualified person for fall protection.
  • Have knowledge and understanding of fall protection systems and equipment.
  • Conduct inspection and accident investigations.
  • Have full responsibility and authority to implement the fall protection.

Click below for more information on Fall Protection Training. We offer this training at our facility or yours! Don't wait until "something happens," get appropriate safety training today!
 
Click for more info on   Fall Protection at STS!

Tags: fall protection, construction industry, deaths are preventable, osha safety